Customer Service Management: It’s Time to Change the Metrics

Call center manager measuring AHT

Customer experience (CX) has become a priority for the vast majority of organisations – or has it?

With the large volumes of contact center advisors still incentivized based on speed – typically the Average Handle Time (AHT) – CX goals are quite often unachievable.

Companies have two options: speed or quality. Get the customer off the phone or web chat as quickly as possible or deliver a business transformative level of customer service. You can’t have it both ways.

As Dino Forte, CEO, Ventrica, insists, if companies truly want to release the strategic CX objective, it is time to end the outdated focus on AHT and create a new culture that embeds quality, satisfaction, loyalty and advocacy metrics within contact center performance.

Quality versus Quantity

AHT has dominated contact center measurement for decades. During the era of low cost, low value service delivery, measuring advisors purely based on the speed with which a customer interaction could be wrapped up, irrespective of the quality of service or value of the experience, was the priority. But that model has little place in the customer centric market of 2019. At a time when the quality of customer experience is often the only opportunity to achieve any level of customer differentiation, the way in which organisations engage with customers – via social media or email, phone or web chat – is now critical.

So why are so many companies – many of which cite a strong commitment to CX – still buying contact center services on the basis of AHT? How can an advisor deliver the high quality experience required to meet customer expectations, to create a brand advocate or prompt recommendations via social media, when the focus is mostly on speed? The entire concept is counter-intuitive and counter-productive – and yet despite top level ‘Customer Experience’ focused strategies, when it comes to assessing contact center performance and purchasing outsourced contact center services, too many companies are still firmly entrenched in an outdated, speed based culture.

Clearly performance has to be evaluated and assessed to ensure value for money and quality of contact center operations – so how can organisations match contact center deliverables to corporate CX goals?

Cultural Conflict

The dichotomy within contact center services today is that not only is a speed focused model at odds with the stated CX focus, it is also at complete odds with the investment in a raft of metrics to measure the voice of the customer and customer experience across the business. From social media sentiment to routine customer surveys, according to Gartner, the four most common categories for CX metrics are quality, satisfaction, loyalty and advocacy and it is embedding these measures within a contact center culture that is key to achieving an environment that provides the right type of experience.

Of course, AHT still has a role to play. It is important to track traditional performance metrics, such as the number of dropped contacts, as well as contacts handled, to ensure basic operational processes are working correctly. Additionally, it’s useful from a resource planning perspective to help ensure staffing levels are calculated accurately and productivity levels are where they need to be. A spike in AHT can even provide an indication of an emerging problem within the business – such as a billing glitch – that requires rapid escalation. But it is no measure of quality or the company’s ability to deliver highly personalized services.

Companies need to be honest: what is the business delivering via a contact center? If there is any focus on CX, on ensuring customers receive a personalized resolution, then using AHT to incentivize contact center advisers is massively counter-intuitive. An individual measured solely on the speed with which every interaction is concluded is never going to have the time to listen to the customer, understand the problems or issues raised, or focus on the quality of the experience. The goal will be to wrap up calls or handle multiple web chats simultaneously to ensure the AHT metrics are hit – and that fundamentally undermines the basic concept of good customer experience.

Customer Experience Metrics

If companies are to ensure the corporate CX vision is delivered at the contact center, the culture has to change. This means embracing innovative technologies that enable customers to easily and effectively self-serve, freeing up contact center advisors to concentrate on the more complex customer issues. But it also means reconsidering advisor metrics; ensuring they are incentivized based on the quality of experience, first time resolution and customer voice; and providing the training required to enable individuals to make the transition towards a better quality interaction.

Essentially it means changing both processes and culture to ensure advisors become customer centric and that customers have timely access to the information or service required and, where possible, one touch resolution.

In addition to leveraging technology innovation to support self-service, achieving a CX focused culture may also demand changes to the recruitment model to ensure advisors match the profile and needs of the customers. While an AHT dominated model requires a vanilla approach to advisor recruitment, as soon as the focus shifts to CX it becomes essential to allocate individuals with the right skills to the job. From the high levels of empathy and great listening skills required by those primarily dealing with elderly and/or distressed individuals, to an inherent interest in fashion for an advisor working for a clothing company, great CX requires a far more tailored recruitment model.


Great service cannot be delivered by individuals focused solely on processing as many customer interactions as possible – the two requirements are completely at odds. Companies need to look hard at why they are still measuring contact center services on such an outdated model: AHT typically ties in with low cost, low value interactions.

With many more companies now realizing the fundamental importance of providing great service, is it not now essential to rethink the way these services are delivered by embedding customer experience within the culture?

About the Author

Dino ForteDino Forte is CEO of the multichannel, multilingual contact center outsourcing business Ventrica – customer service partner of choice for some of the world’s best known brands.

  • Harriet Kelly April 23, 2019, 6:06 am

    Nice Article Dino! I feel that AHT is not a success metric like rushing agents to close tickets, rather than resolve issues, would hasten AHT but would not make for happy customers, but it is an important metric for calculating call center levels, assessing efficiency for the call center overall or for specific agents, and establishing performance benchmarks. Can you please explain what factors impact handle time in the call center.

  • Mary Ross April 26, 2019, 6:27 am

    AHT or average handle time is the record of all the calls that are processed by a call center over a specific period of time. There are various factors which impact AHT in the call center. Few of them are Efficiency, Agent Behaviour, System Usability, etc. Hope this is helpful!

  • Monica Rumsey May 30, 2019, 5:21 am

    Average Handle Time is important to track traditional performance metrics, such as the number of dropped contacts, as well as contacts handled, to ensure that basic operational processes are working correctly. Tools like CSAT.AI, ScorebuddyQA maintains the scorecard that helps the agent to see their stars as they answer questions, so it is a combination of metrics and KPIs to build an effective omnichannel customer success strategy.

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